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L'invention de l'accessibilité. Des politiques de transports des personnes handicapées aux politiques d'accessibilité des transports urbains de voyageurs en France de 1975 à 2005

Abstract : To explain the emergence of the accessibility as a new category of public action after the 30th June 1975's law, we decided to work empirically on the past and current practices set up by two urban public transportation companies, specifically through a three-year participative observation in one of these. Analysis is lead with help of sociological literature, particularly writings on reference frames, moral enterprise, technological innovation and social movements.
These notions helped us revealing the primary reasons of the shift between selected policies: from two groups of measures in favour of people medically identified as disabled to a complete integrated policy, available for everyone, coexisting with specialized transport. This evolution was made possible by conjunction of conceptual, technical and legal factors used by a group of militants to impose a global treatment of accessibility. This treatment has become a standard and is institutionalized by the law of chance equality of 11th February 2005. The first type of accessibility is intimately linked to handicap whereas the second one owns its proper reference and has freed itself from the handicap. The invention of accessibility emerged as a new social form revealing a conception of the treatment of difference in our society. These policies inform us about the way to face the place of disabled persons in our society.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 24, 2007 - 5:10:33 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00165138, version 1

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Muriel Larrouy. L'invention de l'accessibilité. Des politiques de transports des personnes handicapées aux politiques d'accessibilité des transports urbains de voyageurs en France de 1975 à 2005. Sociologie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00165138⟩

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