Abstract : This thesis examines the evolution of the French and British employment systems over a 20-year period, with an emphasis on analysis of the link between wage levels and job stability.
The research questions are approached from a market segmentation perspective, which proves to be an effective means of capturing the effects on the structure of employment systems of the profound economic, social and political changes these two industrialised countries have undergone in the last twenty years. The analysis shows that the employment systems in both countries are organised into different job stability and pay regimes and that, within this framework, unstable employment is not generalised.
The existence of these different regimes provides support for the notion of segmentation. The estimation of nested logit models reveals the tripolar structuring of the French and British employment systems, which persists from one period to the next. In France, however, this persistence conceals a hardening of differentiation with regard to job stability within the employed population of intermediate age (30-55). In the United Kingdom, the regimes in which stability is highest and lowest remain separate from each other in a context of increasing wage inequality.