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Pratiques funéraires du Bronze final IIIb au premier âge du Fer en Languedoc occidental et Midi-Pyrénées : approche archéo-anthropologique des nécropoles à incinération.

Abstract : In western Languedoc and in Midi-Pyrénées, information about the inhabitants of the Late Bronze Age to the first part of the Iron Age (circa 900-475 B.C.) comes mainly from cemetery contexts. The cremation of the deceased consitutes a nearly exclusive practice of the entire time period, which highly distinguishes those populations apart from others. We have based our study on a sample of more than 2000 secondary cremation graves, mostly taken from eleven leading cemeteries of that period. The data were analysed using different parameters : the way the bone remains where deposited, the demographic information at the cemetery scale, the total weight of the skeletal material recovered from each grave, the relative weight of the different anatomical parts of the skeleton, the data on the bones color and other remarks on the preserving conditions. The results of the preliminary analysis have been considered within the temporal context of each cemetery. A chronological evolution of the burial practice, especially regarding the mode of deposition and the bone quantity set in the grave, will be discussed. It also appears that local distinctive features, sometimes only present at the scale of one cemetery, are therefore possibly inherent to only one community. An interpretation of the evolution of the social structure of the living populations and the mortuary behavior of the deceased is also proposed. Simultaneously, the personal anthropological study of bones from nearly 400 samples allowed us to establish a methodological reflection on the treatment of burnt bones in secondary deposits. This was targeted at optimizing the quantity, hence the quality of the observations by minimizing the duration of the analyse.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00151432
Contributor : Sandrine Lenorzer <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 4, 2007 - 12:34:56 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:09:16 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 8, 2010 - 5:13:03 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00151432, version 1

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Sandrine Lenorzer. Pratiques funéraires du Bronze final IIIb au premier âge du Fer en Languedoc occidental et Midi-Pyrénées : approche archéo-anthropologique des nécropoles à incinération.. Anthropologie biologique. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00151432⟩

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