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La sémantique du "Parfait". Étude des "temps composés" dans un choix de langues germaniques et romanes

Abstract : This thesis investigates perfect tenses in English, French, German and Spanish. The modelization of the tense-aspect system put forward adopts the idea that "tense" as well as "aspect" are obligatory categories, and insists on the necessity of a third category, "relative tense", in order to account for perfect tenses. More specifically, perfect tenses contain a feature of relative tense PERFECT, defined in terms of proper anteriority. This semantics of the PERFECT is put to the test in an inquiry of "since"-type adverbs and double-compound perfects. The interaction of the PERFECT with different values of the category "aspect" lead to an analysis of unmarked aspect and the scalar relation between perfective and imperfective aspect. The investigation of two adverbs, "gerade" in German and "tocmai" in Romanian, shows that there are lexical items which interact with such temporal scales.
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Contributor : Gerhard Schaden <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2007 - 5:49:02 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 5, 2020 - 11:50:20 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00143261, version 1

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Gerhard Schaden. La sémantique du "Parfait". Étude des "temps composés" dans un choix de langues germaniques et romanes. Linguistique. Université Paris VIII Vincennes-Saint Denis, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00143261⟩

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