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Disques protoplanétaires autour d'étoiles de masse intermédiare: apport de l'imagerie en infrarouge moyen.

Abstract : The accrued efficiency of the instruments in many wavelengths has allowed to show that most young stellar objects were surrounded by circumstellar matter distributed in a disk. Direct imaging of such systems is very difficult because of their narrow angular size and their weak luminosity in comparison with the star. Nowadays, 50 \% of low-mass pre-main sequance stars, i.e. T Tauri stars, are surrounded by a disk. This proportion is less obvious for intermediate-mass stars, like Herbig Ae stars, that are less numerous and whose direct disk detection is more difficult.
Until now, only the interpretation of the Spectral Energy Distribution (SED) of such objects allows to have access to the geometry of the disk. But the solutions are degenerated and several parameters fit the same SED. It is essential to have direct images of the objects, the only evidence of the presence of disks.
This PhD allows to show that mid-infrared imaging could rise a part of the degeneracy of the disk's parameters linked to the fit of the SED for several objects and gives contraints on the minimum external radius and inclination of the disk. We present a new observation mode with VISIR, the mid-infrared imager and spectrometer on the VLT (ESO, Chile): the so-called BURST mode. This mode allows to reach the diffraction limit of the telescope. Thanks to mid-infrared imaging with this instrument, we were able, for the first time, to have access to the geometry of a disk (flared structure) around a massive star that was, until now, only deduced from the SED modelling.
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Contributor : Coralie Doucet <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 23, 2007 - 3:23:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 10, 2020 - 5:27:25 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 7, 2010 - 12:05:16 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00142897, version 1


Coralie Doucet. Disques protoplanétaires autour d'étoiles de masse intermédiare: apport de l'imagerie en infrarouge moyen.. Astrophysique [astro-ph]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00142897⟩



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