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Les pêches maritimes basques entre déclin et recompositions

Serge Laborde 1
1 LETG - Nantes - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR6554, EPHE - École pratique des hautes études, UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie, UBO - Université de Brest, UR2 - Université de Rennes 2, IGARUN - Institut de Géographie et d'Aménagement
Abstract : Both the reputation of distant fishing developed in the North Atlantic between the XVIth and the XVIIIth centuries and that of small-scale fishing in the Gulf of Gascogne have built the maritime identity of Basque harbours. On either side of the franco-spanish border, similar fishing tackle and techniques have been used by Basque fishermen. As a consequence, the rise of fish processing industries followed the rise of fishing fleets. In the XXth century, fishing was differentiated and it was only in the Spanish Basque country that an industrial fleet was
The cultural geography following from halieutic activities suffered when the fishing resources and fleets were on the decrease. Fishing practise and organization were thrown into confusion owing to the changes in rules, laws and trading that occurred in the past three decades of the XXth century. Furthermore, such changes aroused business conflicts both on seas and lands. Due to the European Union background, the different functions of the border have evolved and now, the Basque fishing fleets have been reset, renewing their fishing methods and the places where fishing produce is traded.
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Contributor : Christine Lamberts <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 18, 2007 - 3:46:25 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 3:35:52 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 7, 2010 - 2:01:38 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00142381, version 1


Serge Laborde. Les pêches maritimes basques entre déclin et recompositions. Géographie. Université de Nantes, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00142381⟩



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