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CONTRIBUTION AU DIAGNOSTIC DECENTRALISE DES SYSTEMES A EVENEMENTS DISCRETS : APPLICATION AUX SYSTEMES MANUFACTURIERS

Abstract : Fault diagnosis of industrial systems is a subject that has received a great attention in the past few decades. It is defined as the process of detecting and isolating faults. Fault detection leads to a binary decision that either the system is working under normal conditions or an abnormality in its behaviour has occurred. Fault detection is followed by fault isolation, which determines the fault type, location and causes.
This thesis presents a decentralized approach to realize the diagnosis of Discrete Event Systems (DES), particularly manufacturing systems with discrete sensors and actuators. This approach considers the plant as a set of elements. Each plant element is composed of an actuator and a set of sensors. The construction of the local diagnosers is based on a modular modelling of the plant elements, of the controller specifications and the temporal information about the actuators reactivity. It is a special case of an observer that carries fault information by means of labels attached to states. Diagnosers base their decisions on the sequences of observed events, on the current behavior and/or on the time delays between these events.
In order to verify that the set of local diagnosers are capable to diagnose a set of faults within a bounded delay, a notion of codiagnosability must be defined. In this thesis, a timed-event-state-based diagnosability notion is defined in order to verify the diagnosability property of the set of local diagnosers.
All local diagnosis decisions must be merged in order to obtain one global diagnosis decision. This fusion can be realized by a coordinator based on a set of rules. The goal of this coordinator is to solve the problem of decision conflict and/or ambiguity among local diagnosers in order to obtain a diagnosis performance equivalent to the one of the centralized diagnoser. Two examples of manufacturing applications are used to illustrate and to show the advantages and the interest of this approach. A simulation tool based on Stateflow of Matlab is constructed in order to test and validate the proposed approach on application examples.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 16, 2007 - 10:11:58 AM
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Philippot Alexandre. CONTRIBUTION AU DIAGNOSTIC DECENTRALISE DES SYSTEMES A EVENEMENTS DISCRETS : APPLICATION AUX SYSTEMES MANUFACTURIERS. Automatique / Robotique. Université de Reims - Champagne Ardenne, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00136967⟩

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