Imposition du capital et croissance

Abstract : This PhD Thesis is about second-best optimal taxation in dynamic models. There are four chapters. The first chapter proposes a new algorithm in order to solve for the complete path of the tax rates in the neoclassical model of growth. The chapters two and three are about optimal taxation in the endogenous growth models. We begin by a simple model of variety before the Romer model (1990). We show, firstly, how to use primal approach in such models and then we study the numerical aspects of the optimal policy. Finally, we compare the efficiency of two alternative redistributive policies in schooling : A fiscal redistribution to the parents, or an educational redistribution to the children that subsidies partially the schooling cost. We begin by the study of the dynamics of the "laisser-faire" equilibrium and then we discuss the efficiency of these alternative redistributive policies
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Abuzer Bakis. Imposition du capital et croissance. Economies et finances. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00136515⟩

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