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Theses

Des hommes et des objets - Esquisses pour une sociologie avec objets

Abstract : This dissertation defines the relations between men and the objects, and sketches a sociology taking objects into account. The core hypothesis of this work, inspired by post-phenomenological approaches, is that objects embody social relations; that they are compulsory mediators of relational processes between human beings.
The author starts from the fact that objects are quite absent in social sciences topics. To study the relations to objects, he proposes to consider them as pieces of knowledge, to determine what type of knowledge they are, and how this knowledge is built into man's brain. This work relies on field researches on how communication instruments are used at work. The first finding is that “utility” relationship is a social relationship. These findings are then confronted with approaches of objects appearing in the writings of several authors from various disciplinary fields: technology, semiology, sociology, psychology. This confrontation reveals the existence of different registers of relations to objects, corresponding to different social processes.
Then, the author proposes an organisation of these relations to objects into a two-levels coherent system of relational processes: basic affective-cognitive relations, and instrumental relations, most of which being of “conventional” order. He suggests at the end what could be a “sociology encompassing objects”.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00135927
Contributor : Bernard Blandin <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 9, 2007 - 4:46:55 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 7, 2019 - 4:38:47 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, September 21, 2012 - 12:45:51 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00135927, version 1

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Bernard Blandin. Des hommes et des objets - Esquisses pour une sociologie avec objets. Sociologie. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-00135927⟩

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