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Transformations urbaines et dynamiques résidentielles dans l'archipel des Comores

Abstract : Studying cities of the Comoros shows evidence of the basic contradiction that they are both quite similar to small towns - in so far as society there is stamped by people knowing each other – and, because of their economic and political status, to large African cities open to the outside world and to some modernity. The interest in the towns from the Comoros and in the evolution they are submitted to, originates in this combination of the characteristics of small towns and large cities. These changes are all the more noticeable as urbanization in the archipelago has dramatically increased for the last forty years, which results in the coming out of built-up areas where there used to be isolated localities.
Within that context, scrutinizing the evolution of residential dynamics enables to understand how towns are being transformed. Thus, as the logic of customary settlements aiming at gathering together close relatives has disappeared, the constituency of pre-existing districts is being questioned. There appear new principles that favour a network organization of scattered dwellings. Such systematic social networks allow the relationships within all members of a same group to be preserved.
On the other hand, getting to own a building land in town has become a significant source of strained relationship. In this regard, real estate pressure and the selling of properties have become new components that can't be ignored, playing an increasing part in adjustment, even though they are often integrated to and/or mixed with customary principles. Even the lands located in the older districts, which often support the systematic social networks, are sometimes yielded to people not belonging to the seller's kinship. This change of the rules regarding the purchase of lands testifies to a serious institutional crisis. Though the management of town is more and more specifically taken in charge, division prevails, no institution whatsoever is acknowledged such legitimacy as to be able to ensure the consistent comprehensive management of fast growing built-up areas.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 8, 2007 - 2:42:34 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00135676, version 1

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Yann Gérard. Transformations urbaines et dynamiques résidentielles dans l'archipel des Comores. Géographie. Université de La Rochelle, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00135676⟩

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