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Le recours aux contrats de travail à durée déterminée en France : Une analyse sur données d'entreprises (1985-2000)

Abstract : This work wonders about the factors of the use of Fixed-Term Contract (FTC) in France over the recent period over the last 25 years. The share of FTCs in employment proved an almost continuous growth since the end of the 1970's in this country. According to the most common representation, FTCs meet the needs of adjustment of employment to economic activity fluctuations. In contrast with this relatively recent conception of the function of FTCs, a first contribution of this work is an historical perspective over two centuries of the successive role played by FTC.
So as to analyze the reasons of the resort to this kind of employment contract by the firms – and trying to make for the lack in available data – we made an original database informing of the share of employment in FTCs by firms, which is an essential contribution of this work. On the one hand a first exploration of this database shows the absence of cyclical dimension to FTCs' resort for two thirds of the firms, on the other hand, studying the contracts' durations as well as the FTCs' turning into permanent contracts displays the decrease of the FTCs' integration role into the firms.
From a theoretical point of view, we confront the prevailing conception mentioned above – and preferred by neoclassic economists - to other conceptions seeing the resort to FTC as the dimension of manpower management policies that would not very concerned by workers attachment to the firms.
Econometrics' tests lead to the questioning of the adjustment need conception. The representation of FTCs as the dimension of a structural strategy of manpower management gathers more favourable elements.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 2, 2007 - 6:25:17 PM
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Damien Sauze. Le recours aux contrats de travail à durée déterminée en France : Une analyse sur données d'entreprises (1985-2000). Economies et finances. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00134594⟩

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