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CONSTRUCTIONS ET DYNAMIQUES DES ESPACES ET DES TERRASSES AGRO-PASTORAUX EN ZONE INTERMEDIAIRE DES PYRENEES DU NEOLITHIQUE A NOS JOURS (CERDAGNE, PAYS BASQUE ET PAYS DE SAULT)
Approche archéoenvironnementale par la pédoanthracologie

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate the existence of a link between vegetation dynamics and agro-sylvo-pastoral activities in Pyrenees since Neolithic. Pedoanthracology uses soil-charcoals to reconstruct palaeovegetation landscapes. This study focused on mountain intermediary areas since they present remnants of charcoal kilns and agro-pastoral practices.
For the first time pedoanthracology was used to study Pyrenees, more precisely basque mountain (Atlantic Pyrenees), Pays de Sault (Ariège) and Luchonnais (Haute-Garonne). This method was adapted to Cerdagne mountain (Eastern Pyrenees) in a geoarchaeological context.
These data were in agreement with palynological, archaeological and historical results from Research Programs. This leads to a deeper understanding of vegetation dynamics since 6000 years and confirms our pedoanthracological approach relevance. Comparison of anthracological and seventeenth century historical data shows reliability of our charcoal results.
Agricultural terraces study required development of a specific charcoal collecting process. Charcoal studies provide a new means to chronologically associate palaeovegetations to terraces constructions since at least Bronze Age.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00132105
Contributor : Marie-Claude Bal <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 20, 2007 - 12:10:16 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 28, 2020 - 10:36:01 AM

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Marie-Claude Bal. CONSTRUCTIONS ET DYNAMIQUES DES ESPACES ET DES TERRASSES AGRO-PASTORAUX EN ZONE INTERMEDIAIRE DES PYRENEES DU NEOLITHIQUE A NOS JOURS (CERDAGNE, PAYS BASQUE ET PAYS DE SAULT)
Approche archéoenvironnementale par la pédoanthracologie. Géographie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00132105⟩

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