Prosodie de langues à tons (naxi et vietnamien), prosodie de l'anglais : éclairages croisés

Abstract : Comparison of English with two Asian tone languages (Naxi and Vietnamese) suggests that lexical specifications (phonemic contrasts and lexical accentuation) and intonation stand in a relationship of resource-sharing: the former provide the framework within which intonational variation takes on its meaning. Typologically, each language arguably allows speakers a given degree of freedom; Naxi (4 lexical tones) appears more constrained than English, and also than Vietnamese (although the latter has 6 tones). The experimental results (which include an estimation of voice quality by electroglottography) hint at the presence of a superposition of several phenomena, rather than one single prosodic structure. They allow for a discussion of a question raised by the autosegmental-metrical framework of intonation studies: do accentuation and intonation converge to shape a tonal string for the utterance (in all languages)? The results suggest that the latter view may be an oversimplification.
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Alexis Michaud. Prosodie de langues à tons (naxi et vietnamien), prosodie de l'anglais : éclairages croisés. Linguistique. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00130149⟩

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