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Ethique et Esthétique dans le langage : approche de l'adjectif gradable par sa polarité et son énonciation en français et en anglais

Abstract : Gradable adjectives, which selectively combine with certain modifiers, which map onto a semantic scale and which have an evaluative power through the predication, are presented here from two aspects : a bipolar, antonymic aspect and a subjective aspect. Whereas gradable adjectives in context, as an implicit or explicit comparative, can be formalized by general formulas, either logical or mathematical, nude (or micro-predicative) gradable adjectives resist this generalization, because of their phenomenal component and their problematic indexicality into the extra-linguistic context. This is why the adjectival properties (bundle of properties in the case of the literary portrait) are interpreted within an adjectival ‘nominalism', a mentalism leading to a theory of mind. The compositional bottom-up approach, made in a morpho-syntactico-semantic line, is enriched by a top-down analysis, inspired by the cognitive sciences and the neurosciences. Thus the bipolar and enunciative analysis of adjectival micro-predications in the literary portraits allow us to lay the foundations of a theory of the fictional simulation by means of the degree of empathy of the author towards his character.
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Contributor : Sylvie Ferrando <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 7, 2007 - 7:40:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 12, 2021 - 3:29:17 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00129530, version 1

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Sylvie Ferrando. Ethique et Esthétique dans le langage : approche de l'adjectif gradable par sa polarité et son énonciation en français et en anglais. Littératures. Université Paris-Sorbonne - Paris IV, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00129530⟩

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