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La recomposition du secteur de l'eau et de l'assainissement en Argentine à l'heure néo-libérale. Lecture au travers du phénomène coopératif

Abstract : The argentinian water industry has seen a lot of fundamental institutional changes over the last 20 years. Up until the end of the 70's, this industry was almost entirely put under supervision of the federal public company OSN (Obras Sanitarias de la Nación), which defined all the standards and provided services in most of the cities, whereas the residual territories were left to other institutions (cooperatives, municipalities, provincial organisms). This organizational model was break up by two stages : in 1980, the OSN's services of the inland cities were decentralized ; in 1992, the services of the metropolitan area were delegated to an international consortium.
This doctoral thesis aims at studying the reconstruction of the argentinian water and sewerage industry in the present context of liberalization of economy and privatization of public companies. The method used consists in focusing the changes through the cooperative phenomenon, no longer marginal, which became integrated into the institutionnal schemes appearing at the local level. Four case studies are analysed in detail, located in the outskirts of Buenos Aires, the suburb of Rosario, Villa María (middle town of the province of Córdoba) and the patagonian province of Chubut.
This work shows how the reconstruction of the sector, although it was influenced by exogenous models of organization, such the english model of privatization and regulation and the french model of delegation, comes into practice in a wide variety of forms of organizational solutions. This diversity attests on one hand a pronounced re-territorialization of the industry and on the other hand the progressive building by apprenticeship of the emerging institutional schemes. The conclusion underlines that the reconstruction of this industry cannot be achieved whithout redefining the role of the federal state.
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Bernard de Gouvello. La recomposition du secteur de l'eau et de l'assainissement en Argentine à l'heure néo-libérale. Lecture au travers du phénomène coopératif. Géographie. Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, 1999. Français. ⟨tel-00129511⟩

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