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Projets et pouvoirs dans les villes européennes. Une comparaison de Marseille, Venise, Nantes et Turin.

Gilles Pinson 1
1 CERAPSE - Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur l'Administration Publique de Saint Etienne
UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne], CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : EA777
Abstract : Big cities are usually presented as the great winners of the cross effects of globalisation, European integration and the reshaping of national States policies. They are also frequently presented as places where the main current public problems are concentrated and as the scale at which these problems should be addressed. However, we know little about the way a collective action capacity is actually emerging in cities. We also know little about the institutionalisation process of cities as political spaces where different actors, groups and institutions are recognising each others, are identifying common stakes and are building up collective answers to those stakes.

This is the question this thesis tried to address on the basis of a vast qualititative field inquiry (174 interviews) led in four cities (Marseilles, Venice, Nantes and Turin). This work tries to show how large projects –regeneration projects or planning projects- have contributed that institutionalisation process, notably because they are activating and stabilizing social interactions networks involving a large variety of actors, groups and institutions. I was able to show with this work that, in certain conditions, despite the proliferation of actors involved in urban policies, despite the pluralisation and the fragmentation of urban government systems, a capacity for collective action and a political capacity for coordination can emerge in cities.

The analysis of those projects enabled me to reveal a two-sided process of institutionalisation. The institutionalisation of cities as political spaces and as scales of the emerging of a collective capacity of action proceeds, on one hand, from the rise of a political and institutional leadership able to give sense to the action of a diversity of urban networks and to coordinate their action. But it also proceeds from the multiplication of social interactions between actors, groups and institutions in few determinated, iterative and open project-making processes.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 19, 2007 - 9:08:22 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00125323, version 1


Gilles Pinson. Projets et pouvoirs dans les villes européennes. Une comparaison de Marseille, Venise, Nantes et Turin.. Science politique. Université Rennes 1, 2002. Français. ⟨tel-00125323⟩



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