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De l'espèce au territoire. La gestion locale de la biodiversité en Guinée Maritime

Abstract : Preserving biodiversity may be one of the most important challenges of our present times. Nevertheless, dealing with ‘biodiversity' instead of ‘biological diversity' (and therefore leaving behind the objectivity of the latter) leaves us facing a concept as blurred as the very concept of “nature”. At the meeting point of science and society, biodiversity is also a mingling of numerous significances and various approaches. As the advent of sustainable development combines biodiversity with social and economic progress (5th principle of Rio Declaration), biodiversity extends its reach beyond conservation areas, its protection becomes a hallmark, a constraint or a basis for development which no policy can afford to overlook (4th principle). Therefore, in theory as in action, biodiversity cannot be a neutral data. Studies might blend various perceptions and representations, coming from different sciences and communities. Associating social aspects with ecological processes, nature/culture hybridization becomes a framework for our study in Coastal Guinea. The local management of biodiversity shows three integration scales : relations with species, uses of ecosystems, territorial management of the eco-complexes. Our results come from the analysis of geographical objects : spatial patch defined by ecological and social factors (“facette éco-paysagère”), and territory. The interdependence between these integration scales, as well as the strong relations which link society with natural events, demonstrate how, in this local situation, biological diversity and its resilience capacities are maintained, jeopardizing the common statement about African environmental disaster.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 16, 2007 - 10:56:15 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00124792, version 1

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Elisabeth Leciak. De l'espèce au territoire. La gestion locale de la biodiversité en Guinée Maritime. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00124792⟩

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