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Assister la coordination flexible de l'activité de construction de bâtiments. Une approche par les modèles pour la proposition d'outils de visualisation du contexte de coopération.

Abstract : Cooperation between actors in design and construction activities in Architecture, Engineering and Construction is an essential stake nowadays. Complexity of actors organization during building construction lets us consider three organizational configurations: hierarchical, transversal and adhocratic, and also their associated coordination mechanisms. In our analysis we underline that the flexibility in coordination is necessary to achieve quality in building projects. Flexibility of each ones activities lets us also re-consider the place of the individual within the cooperation context.
After having described this production context, the study establishes a state of the art of cooperation assistance tools used during building construction. We suggest a “guide” intended to choice well-adapted tools for each particular construction situation.
Then our approach based on models tries to federate the different dimensions existing in any cooperation. We describe the context of collective activities in the AEC field (cooperation context metamodel) and we characterize the different “views” that cooperation tools set up (concepts models).
We describe finally two propositions for new tools. Image.Chantier focuses on meeting report diffusion and supports “hierarchical coordination”. Bat'iViews is a multi-views interface allowing the user to navigate in information about the project. Its objective is to favour perception and understanding of the cooperation context by the actors. It supports “mutual adjustment” between actors in “adhocratic configurations”.
The validation of this research work is double. First the model approach is materialized with the development of the prototype tools, based on the infrastructure for models transformation that we suggest. Then a professional validation, through enquiries and scenarios, justifies the interest of tools to support construction activities and allows us to appreciate the benefits of coordination flexibility.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00121670
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 21, 2006 - 3:17:28 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:57:52 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 6, 2010 - 7:54:59 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00121670, version 1

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Sylvain Kubicki. Assister la coordination flexible de l'activité de construction de bâtiments. Une approche par les modèles pour la proposition d'outils de visualisation du contexte de coopération.. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy I, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006NAN10137⟩. ⟨tel-00121670⟩

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