Abstract : This work is devoted to the evaluation of the ability of a particle-mesh method, inspired from Vortex-In-Cell methods, to simulate gaz dynamics, especially multifluids. We firstly develop a particle-mesh method, associated with a conservative remeshing step, which is performed with high order interpolating kernels. We study theoretically and numerically this method. This analysis gives evidence of a strong relationship between the particle method and high order Lax-Wendroff-like finite difference schemes. We introduce a new scheme, more accurate, for the advection of particles. Then we implement a multilevel technique, inspired from AMR, which allows to increase locally the accuracy of the computations. Finally we develop a level-set like technique, discretized on the particles, to simulate the interface between compressible flows. We use the multilevel technique to improve the interface resolution and the conservation of partial masses.