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Eléments de grammaire du français pour une théorie descriptive et formelle de la langue

Abstract : We propose a grammatical model based on an original natural language theory, and formally expressed.
In the first part, we draw up an assessment of theoretical positions that are specific to other formal grammars, in order to bring out four elements whose conjunction makes our proposal a new approach: non-generativism, non-modularity, non-lexicalization and multi-dimensionnality. We present then the formalism of Property Grammars (PG), that we used to represent our grammar. Following that, we introduce our grammar model, based on the preceding theoretical choices and formalized into PG, and we propose some formalizations of other models in order to illustrate the possibilities of GP and the originality of our model.
In the second part, we propose a set of syntactic descriptions for French, based on our model and constituting a core grammar; we present in particular nominal, verbal, adjectival, and propositional constructions, as well as paradigmatic accumulations (coordinations and disfluences).
Lastly, in the third part we illustrate our proposal's functioning through the analysis of some syntactic phenomena, among which the treatment of clitic pronouns in verbal constructions, and that of coordinations.
This work provides a validation to a whole part of descriptive linguistics by its formal representation, and it allows the integration of syntactic descriptions not taken into account up to now into formal linguistics. Moreover, it provides a validation of PG as a linguistic formalism by showing what it allows by its flexibility of representation.
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Contributor : Marie-Laure Guénot <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 13, 2006 - 5:48:25 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 3:21:18 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00120264, version 1



Marie-Laure Guénot. Eléments de grammaire du français pour une théorie descriptive et formelle de la langue. Linguistique. Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille I, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00120264⟩



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