La pollution industrielle de la Moselle française. Naissance, développement et gestion d'un problème environnemental, 1850-2000

Abstract : In the 1850s, the water quality of surface waters in the Moselle river drainage basin began to suffer from the development of heavy industrial activities (coal and iron ore mining, steel and soda making). Industrial development also fuelled a demographic impetus that proved detrimental to the quality of surface waters. This study uses archival sources to analyse the ineffectiveness of the policies that were launched to regulate pollution. In a region traumatised by the Prussian annexation of a quarter of its surface (1870), industrial production enjoyed a symbolic protection that allowed water pollution to go unabated. The fuzzy status of pollution in law contributed to the immunity of industrialists. From the 1950s on, fear that the region might experience severe water shortages due to the growth of water consumption by industries and cities alike enabled more stringent policies to be devised. They still had to take into account the interests of the heavy industry and their effectiveness is questionable. Hydrological planning was based upon a functionalist vision of water resources that did not take environmental issues into account. The situation changed in the 1970s and 1980s, when European integration and the Sandoz catastrophe in the Rhine (November 1986) tipped the scale in favour of more vigorous environmental policies. This study develops the concepts of a “regional system” and of the “mode of construction” of an environmental problem. These prove to be valuable theoretical elements to ground environmental geography studies.
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Géographie. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2005. Français
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Submitted on : Friday, December 8, 2006 - 5:54:25 PM
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Romain Garcier. La pollution industrielle de la Moselle française. Naissance, développement et gestion d'un problème environnemental, 1850-2000. Géographie. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2005. Français. <tel-00119367>

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