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Sélection et contrôle de modes de déplacement pour un robot mobile autonome en environnements naturels

Abstract : Autonomous navigation and locomotion of a mobile robot in natural environments remain a rather open issue. Several functionalities are required to complete the usual perception/decision/action cycle. They can be divided in two main categories~: navigation (perception and decision about the movement) and locomotion (movement execution). In order to be able to face the large range of possible situations in natural environments, it is essential to make use of various kinds of complementary functionalities, defining various navigation and locomotion modes. Indeed, a number of navigation and locomotion approaches have been proposed in the litterature for the last years, but none can pretend being able to achieve autonomous navigation and locomotion in every situation. Thus, it seems relevant to endow an outdoor mobile robot with several complementary navigation and locomotion modes. Accordingly, the robot must also have means to select the most appropriate mode to apply. This thesis proposes the development of such a navigation/locomotion mode selection system, based on two types of data~: an observation of the context to determine in what kind of situation the robot has to achieve its movement and an evaluation of the behavior of the current mode, made by monitors which influence the transitions towards other modes when the behavior of the current one is considered as non satisfying. Hence, this document introduces a probabilistic framework for the estimation of the mode to be applied, some navigation and locomotion modes used, a qualitative terrain representation method (based on the evaluation of a difficulty computed from the placement of the robot's structure on a digital elevation map), and monitors that check the behavior of the modes used (evaluation of rolling locomotion efficiency, robot's attitude and configuration watching). Some experimental results obtained with those elements integrated on board two different outdoor robots are presented and discussed.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 8, 2006 - 10:21:48 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00119208, version 1


Thierry Peynot. Sélection et contrôle de modes de déplacement pour un robot mobile autonome en environnements naturels. Automatique / Robotique. Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00119208⟩



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