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Renormalisation des théories de champs non commutatives

Abstract : Very high energy physics needs a coherent description of the four fundamental forces. Non-commutative geometry is a promising mathematical framework which already allowed to unify the general relativity and the standard model, at the classical level, thanks to the spectral action principle. Quantum field theories on non-commutative spaces is a first step towards the quantification of such a model. These theories can't be obtained simply by writing usual field theory on non-commutative spaces. Such attempts exhibit indeed a new type of divergencies, called ultraviolet/infrared mixing, which prevents renormalisability. H. Grosse and R. Wulkenhaar showed, with an example, that a modification of the propagator may restore renormalisability. This thesis aims at studying the generalization of such a method. We studied two different models which allowed to specify certain aspects of non-commutative field theory. In x space, the major technical difficulty is due to oscillations in the interaction part. We generalized the results of T. Filk in order to exploit such oscillations at best. We were then able to distinguish between two mixings, renormalizable or not. We also bring the notion of orientability to light : the orientable non-commutative Gross-Neveu model is renormalizable without any modification of its propagator. The adaptation of multi-scale analysis to the matrix basis emphasized the importance of dual graphs and represents a first step towards a formulation of field theory independent of the underlying space.
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Contributor : Fabien Vignes-Tourneret <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 4, 2006 - 10:19:33 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:15:59 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 20, 2012 - 3:31:07 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00118044, version 1



Fabien Vignes-Tourneret. Renormalisation des théories de champs non commutatives. Physique mathématique [math-ph]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00118044⟩



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