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Theses

La gestion de l'espace dans des Parcs naturels régionaux
sous pressions touristique et urbaine ou comment les acteurs bricolent
du développement et de la préservation dans les massifs
de Chartreuse et du Vercors?

Abstract : The French Natural Regional Parks of Chartreuse and Vercors constitute the central research subject of this thesis. We seek to understand how local actors bricolent (a French word that means ‘tinkering') social and economic development and also contribute to protecting the cultural and natural heritage in areas under urban and tourism pressures.

The theoretical framework is inspired from the work of C. Lévi-Strauss. According to this anthropologist, all individuals live in an instrumental world, which is closed by definition. Like the bricoleur (a ‘tinkerer'), individuals use different tools (intellectual and material) to elaborate and to achieve their tangible projects. Actors are therefore seen as functioning within four oppositions. First, personal will and structural strengths are opposed to each other because actors can choose amongst a limited range of possibilities as suggested by the notion of tool kits. Second, fragmented and continuous temporalities are in opposition because the actor-tinkerer can execute one act after another and also have a long term influence on economic, social and spatial processes. Third, the actor-tinkerer's short and long-term project do not necessarily converge together mainly because the objectives of some projects can change during their implementation. Finally, there is opposition between the idealistic and the material environment. This means that the actor-tinkerer can have clear ideas of what he or she wishes to do, but sometimes, he or she does not have the appropriate tools to realize a particular project.

Local Master Plans, Natural Regional Parks, Metropolitan Master Plans (specifically called Schémas de cohérence territoriale in France) and State Contracts are considered as planning and management tools with which local actors can attain their objectives of developing localities and protecting cultural and natural heritage. With these tools, actor-tinkerer have the opportunities for producing original sorts of spatial forms in mountainous areas under tourism and urban pressures. Empirical evidence shows that ‘mounturbanisation' is the consequence of decisions and actions engaged in at the local level.

The methodology is based on personals interviews and observations in public meetings made between 2000 and 2002 with key actors in the Chartreuse and Vercors mountain ranges.

Moreover, local, regional and national literature was analysed in order to illustrate actors' discourses concerning their perceptions of and reactions to spatial transformations. Finally, spatial analyses are carried out using a geographical information system, statistical data and iconographic documents to explain what the consequences of the management and planning decisions have been.

Base on anthropologic and geographic analysis, this thesis shows how the actor-tinkerer expresses answers to the problems posed by tourism and urban pressures which threaten the cultural and natural heritage in the Natural Regional Parks of Chartreuse and Vercors.

Key-word: actor, spatial analysis, tinkering, Chartreuse, geography, Natural Regional Parks, project and Vercors.
Document type :
Theses
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00116708
Contributor : Louis Allie <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 27, 2006 - 3:24:45 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 20, 2020 - 11:16:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 6, 2010 - 11:28:20 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00116708, version 1

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Louis Allie. La gestion de l'espace dans des Parcs naturels régionaux
sous pressions touristique et urbaine ou comment les acteurs bricolent
du développement et de la préservation dans les massifs
de Chartreuse et du Vercors?. Géographie. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00116708⟩

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