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Les jeunes vestiges de supernova et INTEGRAL :
raies du 44Ti et Emission non-thermique

Abstract : This thesis deals with the search for and the study of young galactic supernova remnants using the observations performed by IBIS/ISGRI, one of the two main coded-mask instruments onboard the european gamma-ray satellite INTEGRAL. This research is based on i) the study of gamma-ray lines coming from the radioactive decay of 44Ti, a short-lived nucleus (Tau ~ 86 y) exclusively produced during the first stages of stellar explosions, and ii) the study of the nonthermal continuum mechanisms which take place inside the young supernova remnants. I separate the manuscript in
four main parts. The first one presents an overview of supernovae from an observational and theoretical point of view. The second part describes the INTEGRAL satellite with its instruments, the techniques used for analyzing the data collected by IBIS/ISGRI, and my personal investigations concerning different developments such as: the spectral calibration of the IBIS/ISGRI instrument, the correction of noisy pixels on the camera, the creation of background maps, and the development of an alternative pipeline useful for dealing with a large amount of data. I also present a method for imaging extended sources with a coded-mask instrument
such as IBIS/ISGRI, and its first application on the Coma Cluster. The results obtained on historical supernova remnants like Cas A, Tycho, RX~J0852-4622 (Vela Junior) are presented in the third part. The first chapter of the last part is devoted to the study of the detectability of supernovae in the optical domain with a model of the interstellar extinction. The second chapter reports
on the search for missing and hidden young supernova remnants in the Milky Way with the IBIS/ISGRI galactic plane survey through the 44Sc gamma-ray lines as well as with a multi-wavelength approach, from the radio domain (VLA) to the new observational window at TeV energies (HESS). I also discuss the constraints on the supernova rate and the 44Ti production in core-collapse
supernovae, based on these IBIS/ISGRI observations and the 44Ca solar abundance.
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Contributor : Matthieu Renaud <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 17, 2006 - 10:59:33 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 6:12:35 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 20, 2012 - 12:00:36 PM



  • HAL Id : tel-00107047, version 1



Matthieu Renaud. Les jeunes vestiges de supernova et INTEGRAL :
raies du 44Ti et Emission non-thermique. Astrophysique [astro-ph]. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00107047⟩



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