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Etude des émissions à haute énergie des trous noirs stellaires accrétants

Marion Cadolle Bel 1
1 APC - AHE - APC - Astrophysique des Hautes Energies
APC (UMR_7164) - AstroParticule et Cosmologie, Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita degli Studi di Bologna
Abstract : The present work is dedicated to the study of various X-ray binary systems harbouring accreting stellar mass black holes (or candidates) associated in X-ray binary systems mainly through the spectral and timing properties of the high energy 3 keV-1 MeV emission, sometimes completed by observations performed in radio, near-infrared and optical. The first part is devoted to accretion physics phenomena and the challenges of understanding the X-ray/gamma emission produced with the modelisations of such high energy processes. Then I will define in a second part the instruments on board INTEGRAL and the way coded masked aperture is employed. In a third part, I will develop the standard data reduction analysis and my own contribution in improving the usual software before detailing the specific informatics tools I have developed for my own analysis. In the fourth part I will turn towards the deep analysis and interpretations I have performed on several black hole X-ray binary systems chosen properly: the persistent black hole source Cygnus X-1 which has been studied since several years and surprised us by a high-energy excess detected; two new transient sources which provide interesting informations, XTE J1720-318 located in the galactic bulge and SWIFT J1753.5-0127, probably situated in the halo. I will also detail my work on H 1743-322, recently identified by INTEGRAL as the HEAO source discovered in 1977, and on three (almost) persistent microquasars with superluminal jets, 1E 1740.7-2942, GRS 1758-258 and GRS 1915+105. I will analyze for each source spectral parameter evolutions and their links with each other during state transitions. I will then discuss the presence of two different X/gamma-ray emitting media with a relatively changing geometry. While establishing a cyclic order for the different variability classes of GRS 1915+105 observed during ten years, I will propose an interpretation for such behaviour, compatible with the theoretical predictions of the Accretion-Ejection Instability. As a conclusion I will discuss my results in the framework of theoretical models to explain the observations presented and I will derive some caveats to the general (well understood) physical processes occurring in X-ray binary systems. I will discuss two important phenomena recently observed. I will conclude with my perspectives of future research work.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 11, 2006 - 4:55:42 PM
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Marion Cadolle Bel. Etude des émissions à haute énergie des trous noirs stellaires accrétants. Astrophysique [astro-ph]. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00105637⟩

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