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Emergence de fonctions sensorimotrices sur un substrat neuronal numérique distribué

Julien Vitay 1
1 CORTEX - Neuromimetic intelligence
INRIA Lorraine, LORIA - Laboratoire Lorrain de Recherche en Informatique et ses Applications
Abstract : This thesis ascribes in the field of computational neuroscience whose goal is to modelize complex cognitive functions by means of numerical computer simulations while getting inpiration from cerebral functioning. Contrary to a top-down approach necessiting to know an analytic expression of the function to be simulized,
the chosen bottom-up approach allows to observe the emergence of a function thanks to the interaction of artificial neural populations
without any prior knowledge. We first present a particular neural
network type, neural fields, whose properties of robustness to noise and spatio-temporal continuity allow that emergence. In order to guide the emergence of sensorimotor transformations onto this substrate, we then present the architecture of the visual and motor systems to highlight the central role of visual attention in the realization of these functions by the brain. We then propose a functional diagram of sensorimotor transformations where the preparation of an ocular saccade guides attention towards a region of visual space and allow movement preparation. We last describe a computational model of attentional spotlight displacement that, by using a dynamical spatial working memory, allows sequential search of a target in a visual scene thanks to the phenomenom of inhibition of return. The performances of this model (robustness to noise, to object movement and to saccade execution) are analysed in simulation and on a robotic platform.
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Contributor : Julien Vitay <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 20, 2006 - 1:19:02 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 3:28:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 5, 2010 - 11:04:06 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00096818, version 1


Julien Vitay. Emergence de fonctions sensorimotrices sur un substrat neuronal numérique distribué. Modélisation et simulation. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy I, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00096818⟩



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