Un scandale improbable. Amiante : d'une maladie professionnelle à une « crise de santé publique »

Abstract : An improbable scandal. Asbestos exposures : from an occupational disease to a « public health crisis »

Combining information science and media studies, sociology and political science, this thesis attempts to understand the processes that transform an issue from a socially ignored question to a public scandal, and at the same time to show the importance of its framing in stabilized discursive patterns of « scandalisation » by media.
The issue of asbestos exposures is a privileged ground of observation since it is the only contemporary example of public crisis made up starting from mainly occupational diseases. After the analysis of the way in which, from 1980 to 1994, are normalized the consequences of asbestos exposures by a double mechanism of social containment of the sufferings and localization of the knowledge, this work accounts for the history of the development of the public crisis around this problem over the period 1994-1996 in France. The aim is to avoid two kinds of explanation having often course to analyze the emergence of public crises : the granting of a central role to the group of journalists presented like building in an autonomous way discourses on an issue and the recourse to a conspiracy theory explaining the periods of silence and strong publicity by the occult influence of lobbies.
To avoid these explanatory frames, it is necessary to give greater importance to the analysis of the regular interactions between journalists and the social groups mobilized or concerned about a problem, to show the dependence of the group of journalists on their sources, and to replace the question of publicizing or no-publicizing in games of knowledge/lack of knowledge and interest/disinterest implying very vast fields of the society. Lastly, this thesis reconsiders the question of agenda-setting and reviews the consequences of the publicizing process of an issue on its answer by political and administrative actors.
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Science politique. Université de Technologie de Compiègne, 2000. Français
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 13, 2006 - 4:46:41 PM
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Emmanuel Henry. Un scandale improbable. Amiante : d'une maladie professionnelle à une « crise de santé publique ». Science politique. Université de Technologie de Compiègne, 2000. Français. 〈tel-00093189〉

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