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LA QUESTION DES AUTISMES :
L'AUTISME, SYNDROME OU SYMPTOME ?

Abstract : This is a four year research on the early onset of infantile autism.
Based on a heuristic point of view on the diversity of autistic disorder, we will discuss the
different types of autism and more precisely the onset of autism in a wide range of
diseases.
This study will first present the problems linked to the nosological demarcation between
normality and pathology, then the difficulties linked to the diagnosis of autism.
This theorical and clinical considerations are based on clinical observations and on the
review of the great works on autism.
This heuristical progression leads our study, which is based on the question of the early
infantile autism according to the age of the individual. Two sub-groups have been studied:
the first group comprises subjects with Early Onset Autism, and the second group
comprises subjects with Late Onset Autism.
The confirmation that there are differences between those two groups and the discovery
that both groups have their own development particularities enable us to discuss more
precisely the role of autistic disorder in early infantile autism and in diseases with autistic
disorders, such as obsessive compulsive disorder.
Our findings and discussion lead us to the following hypothesis: the main features of
autistic disorder, that is autism, could be the consequence of a pathological defence,
which role, function, intensity and evolution could depend on underlying disorders. The
category of the disease could be determined by the age at which the subject develops it,
and by his ability to fight against these disorders, his original fragility and the
environmental obstacles he will face.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00089457
Contributor : Isabelle Samyn <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 18, 2006 - 4:42:22 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 10:53:38 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 6, 2010 - 12:37:37 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00089457, version 1

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Isabelle Samyn. LA QUESTION DES AUTISMES :
L'AUTISME, SYNDROME OU SYMPTOME ?. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00089457⟩

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