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Etude biogéochimique d'un système lacustre de la plaine d'inondation amazonienne : Cas de la varzea de Curuai (Para, Brésil)

Abstract : The Amazon Rivers catchments area is composed of 5% area of floodplain. The question is “how does this area impact the biogeochemistry of the Amazon main stem?”.
In the present study we tried to overview many aspects of floodplain chemical operation through the observation of the “Lago Grande de Curuaí” floodplain. We carried a particular interest on the water dissolved phase chemistry (<0.22µm) and its relationship with the behaviour of maturating bed load sediment and the occurrence of phytoplanktonic productivity climax. We also proposed a quantification of elemental fluxes and stocks in the vegetation reservoir, which are comparable to those of the Amazon River. Thanks to a hydrological computation of the floodplain, we are able to give detailed sources participation, fluxes and stocks of dissolved element in the floodplain at the internal scale and the whole system scale. This computation model allows us to present some clues of the recycling of element through the vegetation and through physic-chemical processes that occurs mainly on redox sensitive element (Mn, Fe). Amazonian floodplains appear to be an important sink of metals such as Mn and Fe but are essentially transit places for the majority of elements. So the Amazonian floodplains present an “in time” impact on the Amazon River as its essentially collect element from the Amazon during rising water stage and deliver it during falling water stage with a percentage of fluxes that might reach significant level. So they are important actors of the temporal distribution of dissolved element in the Amazon River and might be considered in any element transfer model from land to the oceans.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 18, 2006 - 5:32:24 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 5, 2021 - 2:26:09 PM
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Gwénaël Alexandre Barroux. Etude biogéochimique d'un système lacustre de la plaine d'inondation amazonienne : Cas de la varzea de Curuai (Para, Brésil). Autre. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00086496⟩



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