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Entre identification et catégorisation, l'antonomase du nom propre en français

Abstract : Antonomasia, which is a rhetorical figure as well as a modified use of proper nouns, is studied here through examples appearing in newspaper discourse.
A synthesis of the pre-existing works will help to demonstrate how proper noun antonomasia is handled by both linguistics, rhetoric and grammar, and will bring out the peculiar linguistic problems related to it, i.e. proper noun semantics, categorisation, figurative sense, and relationships with metaphors.
Automatic location in the corpus is the starting point for the systematic description of antonomasia's discursive functions in respect of antonomastic noun phrases, sentences in which they appear and the relationships between those sentences. From this description emerges a typology based on both the ‘in absentia' or ‘in praesentia' features and the predicative or referential characteristic of the antonomastic expression.
Semantic aspects of the phenomenon are then studied. The role and importance of (extra)linguistic context in generating meaning are emphasised, as is the co-enunciative aspect of this generation, particularly through the relationships between antonomasia and Bakhtine's dialogisme.
The metaphorical aspect is then studied with respect to its tight relationships with the morphosyntactic characteristics, in order to bring out the semantic divergences and convergences.
Document type :
Complete list of metadatas

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Contributor : Sarah Leroy <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 18, 2006 - 11:05:16 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 3:34:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00086307, version 1



Sarah Leroy. Entre identification et catégorisation, l'antonomase du nom propre en français. Linguistique. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-00086307⟩



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