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Habilitation à diriger des recherches

Des technologies et des territoires

Abstract : The author shows how technology, what is about mechanization, irrigation or IT, is included, as space in the social one. If IT have their own dynamic, built by multiple interactions between exogenic and endogenous actors, the author subscribes neither to the paradigm technicist nor with the autonomy of the technology. The difficulty consists in evaluating the place of IT in a territorial system like sign and/or agent of the production of space. It is a question of going beyond from a geography of the inventory certainly useful for such a recent and unstable object, to turn to a geography of space engineering, integrating in a reasoned social criticism, “effects” of the introduction of a disturbance on a place.
The approach is focused on the interactions and them scalings which show that according to the keys of entry, the hierarchy of interactions can change even if the framework of the research remains stable and rests on a set of seven variables (innovation, fields of force of macro-system, public policies, social capital of the place, strategies of the actors, temporalities, space forms).
The strategies of the social actors thus occupy a major place in this work ; this book focuses an interdisciplinary approach and tries to clarify the whole of the problematics recutting the fields of technology, space and society.
The author revisits the problems of the fitment of the territorial scales. How strategies of actors, external with a territory (on a local or regional scale), interfere with the territorial system of actors and produce space? Three levels of analysis are enchased. A macro-analysis is based on the constraining effects for the sets of actors, the lawful executives (laws, standards, norms) and ideological, themselves produced social of plays actors. A meso-analysis is focused on the set of actors of the public policies (crossing of the policies of subsidies, of the choice of the territories, the speech on technology). Finally a micro-analysis consists in studying technology “in practice” starting from longitudinal terrain surveys.
A turning towards the literature of the “strategists” makes it possible to reintroduce a little more “time” in space. If these positions of research gave always an important place at the crystallized time of the objects or at the present time of the conflicts of actors or the representations, time of technology presents characteristic features (glance of the technology, importance of prospective dimension). This implies to include all the tactical and especially strategic dimensions of the stakeholder's plays in the analysis. Inquire, models and modelings, analyzes systemic or systems theoretical accompanied the step by research. Making way, the author uses a social sciences toolbox. His tools are the product of a synthesis, that of the methodological contribution (investigation of ground, interdisciplinarity, systemic analyzes) of two successive Masters, B. Kayser and R. Brunet.
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Habilitation à diriger des recherches
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Submitted on : Saturday, July 15, 2006 - 9:31:13 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 10:12:01 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00085835, version 1



Gilles Puel. Des technologies et des territoires. Géographie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2006. ⟨tel-00085835⟩



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