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Propriétés et Modes de désexcitation des noyaux chauds observés dans la réaction 36Ar sur 58Ni avec le détecteur INDRA.

Abstract : Hot nuclei are formed in heavy ion collisions covering the Fermi energy domain. According to the excitation energy deposited into these nuclei, several de-excitation processes can be observed, in particular the emission of complex fragments (Z ≥ 3) which remains poorly understood. The GANIL facility offers the possibility to cover the excitation function for the Ar on Ni reaction over a broad energy range from 32 to 95 MeV/u where the hot nuclei evolve from classical “evaporation” to complete “vaporization” into light particles (neutrons,isotopes of H, He). The study of reaction mechanisms shows that from peripheral to central collisions the total cross section is dominated by binary dissipative collisions. Both partners coming from well-characterized events with the INDRA detector are reconstructed
using the “Minimum Spanning Tree” method. Thus excitation energy up to 20 MeV/A are reached in the most violent collisions at the highest bombarding energy. The deposited energy is not shared in the mass ratio between the quasi-projectile and the quasi-target,
the quasi-projectile being hoter. For total excitation energies ranging roughly from 2 to 8 MeV/A, the proportion of “multifragmentation” events increases to reach a plateau at about 10 MeV/A due to the rising probability to have complete “vaporization” of the system above 8 MeV/A. The steady increase of the temperature extracted from the double isotopic He-Li
ratios with excitation energy for the quasi-projectile suggests a progressive evolution of the de-excitation processes as predicted by statistical models. No signal of first order liquid-gas phase transition is seen in our data.
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Contributor : Laurent Nalpas Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 4, 2006 - 5:54:17 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 31, 2018 - 12:10:33 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 5, 2010 - 11:47:35 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00083951, version 1



Laurent Nalpas. Propriétés et Modes de désexcitation des noyaux chauds observés dans la réaction 36Ar sur 58Ni avec le détecteur INDRA.. Physique Nucléaire Théorique [nucl-th]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 1996. Français. ⟨tel-00083951⟩



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