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The carbon balance of a cutover bog in the Jura mountains at contrasting stages of regeneration

Abstract : Harvested bogs lose their sink capacity, which is an important property in the present issue of climate change expected in the next years due to the increase of atmospheric greenhouse gases.
In order to reconstruct the carbon balance of a harvested bog in the Jura Mountains, three stages of regeneration were chosen: bare peat, recent regeneration with mostly Eriophorum angustifolium and advanced regeneration with domination of Sphagnum. Carbon fluxes and key driving environmental variables were regularly recorded during two entire growth seasons of vegetation, in order to establish an empirical model and to simulate carbon fluxes.
Considering the net carbon exchange, bare peat is a weak carbon source (between -19 and -32 g C m-2 y-1) mainly due to its high water table level all over the year. During 2004 and 2005, the two vegetated stations acted as carbon sinks. The recent regeneration was slightly less efficient (between 67 and 166 g C m-2 y-1) than the advanced regeneration (between 93 and 183 g C m-2 y-1).
Measurements of δ13C of respired CO2 of the three studied stations allowed us to characterize each of them with their isotopic signature, becoming more negative from the bare peat to the advanced regeneration.
The increase of the bare peat respiration with the lowered water table has a negative impact of the carbon balance. This balance depends also on the relative quantity of bryophytes (which lose their sink capacity in case of drought) and of vascular plants (which facilitate CH4 efflux). The return to a carbon sink function of these damaged ecosystems is so linked to the management practices and to the decision about techniques of restoration.
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Contributor : Estelle Bortoluzzi <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 30, 2006 - 3:16:31 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 10:06:02 AM
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Estelle Bortoluzzi. The carbon balance of a cutover bog in the Jura mountains at contrasting stages of regeneration. Ecology, environment. Université de Franche-Comté, 2006. Portuguese. ⟨tel-00083447⟩

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