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Theses

Traitement spatial du bruit des transports terrestres

Abstract : The French legislation has clearly recognised the surface transport noise problem. The European Commission has also recently proposed to extend noise reduction field by creating new indicators. Moreover, using the data processing in external acoustics allows to create models of the noise pollution spreading and to carry out noise maps.
This research aims at formalizing this new geographical information using by spatial analysis, in order to fully integrate it in town and country planning decision process. It is the result of a research collaboration between the “Centre scientifique et technique du bâtiment” (CSTB) and SEIGAD laboratory from the Université Joseph Fourier (UJF).
A methodological work has allowed to determine the necessary data for the noise propagation calculation, the
method of collecting these data, the spatial and temporal scales of processing and the definition of the territorial vulnerability to noise.
On the basis of this conceptual framework, the purpose is to produce a management and assessment tool of noise impacts on the territory. This means the creation of an interface between an external space noise modeling tool named Mithra and a geographical information system.
We present two examples to validate this approach of noise impacts. The first one focuses on a tramway project in a dense urban district. The second one deals with the noise impacts problem in a periurban area. For each example, the geographical information relating to the noise exposition level is compared with various approaches of the territorial vulnerability to noise.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00081288
Contributor : Erwan Quesseveur <>
Submitted on : Thursday, June 22, 2006 - 4:59:05 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:50:49 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 5, 2010 - 11:14:14 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00081288, version 1

Citation

Erwan Quesseveur. Traitement spatial du bruit des transports terrestres. Géographie. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-00081288⟩

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