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Theses

Forme Urbaine et Mobilité Quotidienne

Abstract : The conceptual framework of urban sustainability applied to the urban form-daily travel interaction denounces urban sprawl. By reducing distances travelled and by favouring the use of « soft » travel modes, the Compact City is presented as a « thrifty » form of urban growth. Nevertheless, the contradictions of the Compact City give rise to a controversy on the advantages of density. In this work, the links between density and mobility are made explicit. An empirical analysis of six large French urban areas backs up such a relationship, whilst some irregularities questions its validity. The emergence of a polycentric urban structure, which effect on travel patterns is ambiguous, induces to characterize land use more precisely. Thus, the main objective is to understand the interaction between urban form and daily mobility at an infra-urban scale. As we must take into account individuals’ characteristics in the analysis, such an interaction is in fact a set of complex relationships with no obvious causality. We use an econometrical method based on statistical control so as to determine the relative contribution of urban form in the determination of urban mobility in the Bordeaux (France) area.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00071608
Contributor : Guillaume Pouyanne <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 23, 2006 - 6:14:05 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:40:17 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, April 4, 2010 - 10:28:51 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00071608, version 1

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Guillaume Pouyanne. Forme Urbaine et Mobilité Quotidienne. Economies et finances. Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV, 2004. Français. ⟨tel-00071608⟩

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