L'aérosol de combustion dans une région en grande mutation, l'Asie

Abstract : One of the main uncertainties in the estimate of the climatic impact of aerosols is linked to our knowledge of gases and aerosols emissions. This is particularly crucial over Asia, where a strong regional fingerprint is observed, with different emission types, depending on the various vegetation and climate conditions (biomass burning emissions) and on the very fast changes of the population and industrialization (biofuel and fossil fuel emissions).
The main goal of this work was first to derive a biomass burning inventory for gases and particles over Asia for the 2001 ACE-Asia (Aerosol Characterization Experiment) and TRACE-P (Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific) campaigns (March to May 2001).
I implemented a methodology that is the most adapted to my study, and based on the burnt area cartography (GBA-2000 project (Global Burnt Area 2000) [Tansey et al., 2005]).
The results of this study, ABBI (Asian Biomass Burning Inventory) [Michel et al., 2005] have been compared with another biomass burning emission inventory (ACESS: ACE-Asia and TRACE-P Modelling and Emission Support System) [Streets et al., 2003], built from fire counts and not from burnt areas.
This comparison shows the limits of the use of fire counts in the emission inventory maps and underlines the importance and the relevance of the method used in my study.
A comparison with the year 2000 emission inventory, obtained with the same method, underlines the importance of the interannual variations.
The ABBI inventory has been introduced in the Méso-NH-C mesoscale model combined with an aerosol module: ORISAM (ORganic and Inorganic Spectral Aerosol Module) Bessagnet, 2000]. I have focused in particular on the impact of the burnt vegetation emissions over the asian continent.
Comparisons between simulated and ground and airborne measured data showed satisfactory results in some cases, but showed also some limits. Sensitivity tests have been carried out firstly to test the impact of fire emissions by considering the ACESS inventory in Méso-NH-C-ORISAM, secondly to highlight the parameters deemed in the model to form secondary organic aerosols by using the ORISAM module in his 0D version.
On the whole, this work emphasizes the major importance of the inventories of gas and particle emissions at a continental scale on atmospheric chemistry. Moreover, it also shows the contribution of the ORISAM module to the analysis and understanding of the heterogeneous chemical processes in the pollution episode in Asia.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00069797
Contributor : Christelle Michel <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 19, 2006 - 3:30:39 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 29, 2019 - 3:48:37 PM
Long-term archiving on : Saturday, April 3, 2010 - 10:04:40 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00069797, version 1

Collections

Citation

Christelle Michel. L'aérosol de combustion dans une région en grande mutation, l'Asie. Océan, Atmosphère. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00069797⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

411

Files downloads

5979