LES METROPOLITAINS EN GUYANE :

Une intégration sociale entre individu et groupe culturel

Abstract : The increasing of cultural differences is one of the concern of each society. Sociological research has to work on the balance a society can find between different identity references. French Guiana is a multicultural society gather more than about ten populations, from different origins, living especialy in group. In this frame, we are wondering about the process of integration of Metropolitans, more often called the « Métros », emigrates from french metropole. We have chosen a pluridisciplinary way in this research based on a constructivist approch, mixing together several concepts come from sociology of migrations, cultural anthropology and psychosociology. We are trying to understand the way Metropolitans adapt themselves to a society that doesn't respond to the image of their original society, through history, social representations, social positions, social actions and social relations. French society defends universalist ideology, refuses to considere cultural identities in public life and thinks individual integration only with citizenship. On the contrary, French Guiana, although administratively french, seems to leave a place for different identities. So we are asking how the metropolitan individual is adapting to French Guiana, as an individual, exit from the cultural group, or through this group. Metropolitans submit social pressure but are actors of their own identity construction. The cultural group is a way to be adapted but also a brake to real integration to society, leaving each one master to define is own way.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 16, 2006 - 11:52:02 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00069065, version 2

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Marion Thurmes. LES METROPOLITAINS EN GUYANE :

Une intégration sociale entre individu et groupe culturel. Sociologie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00069065v2⟩

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