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Contrôle électromagnétique des transferts de masse aux interfaces liquide/liquide

Abstract : Most metallurgical processes, such as steel refining or nuclear waste processing; the interfaces between two liquid phases are the regions of mass transfer. These transfers require the implementation of a means of stirring to accelerate the kinetics of the pollutants transfer between both phases.
This thesis deals with the use of the electromagnetic forces to stir, without any material contact, the bath core and the interface in order to control or even increase the kinetic transfers. To achieve this, two complementary experimental installations were used. The first experiment allows the measurement of the Indium transfer, initially dissolved in mercury towards a covering electrolyte layer and the velocity field in mercury. The performed experiments, determine the topology of the fields flows speeds in the mercury bath, moreover the behaviour of the transfer kinetics versus the intensity of the magnetic field are established. This evolution is correlated with the dynamic behaviour of the mercury surface. The second installation allows the characterization of an element transfer (Pb, Zr or Ce) initially contained in a fluorinated salt towards an antimony matrix containing lithium. It appears that all transfers kinetics are very fast. The proposed experimental set-up is particularly efficient for Cerium transfer (limited by the interface) but does not present any action for Zirconium transfer.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 16, 2006 - 9:13:23 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 3:39:55 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00068975, version 1




Bachir Saadi. Contrôle électromagnétique des transferts de masse aux interfaces liquide/liquide. Dynamique des Fluides [physics.flu-dyn]. Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble - INPG, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00068975⟩



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