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La communication scientifique et technique par les outils graphiques de 1750 à 1850 dans le contexte de la Bretagne

Abstract : This study focuses on the evolution and use of graphic tools in the relation between conceivers and makers of technical objects and systems. It is based on an analysis of technical and scientific publications and books dealing with areas of activity such as shipbuilding, civil architecture and mechanics. A study of that material published around 1750 to 1850 leads to considerations about perspective, so called bird's views, descriptive geometry and orthogonal projections. Design in the mechanical arts has been studied for the part it plays as a mean of information, for its relevance in the description of the work on technical objects and technical systems. Initially restricted to the context of Brittany, such considerations have been extended to the whole country, the language so studied being of universal value and it could not be restricted within geographic boundaries. In order to give to the study a sharper focus, the international dimension has however been deliberately overlooked.
The multidisciplinary character of technical design has been pointed out, as well as the demands implied in its implementation. Technical design is indeed connected to applied mechanics, physics, geometry, and so on...The transcription of technical projects on blueprints becomes then a tool for the transmission of scientific and technical knowledge as well as of technical know-how. It is made use of by scholars and engineers in various areas of traditional and industrial production. The design is part of the contract between conceiver and maker.
The evolution of the designer's art, with its underlying scientific and technical knowledge will also be touched upon here. Because of the extension of the areas of human production, it will be necessary to set up the training of the people involved, at all levels of skills. This study takes us to the threshold of the Golden age of technical design between 1750 and 1850, a prelude to the age of research consultancy with its now ubiquitous computerized environment
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 4, 2006 - 2:37:46 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00012205, version 1

Citation

Bernard Quéré. La communication scientifique et technique par les outils graphiques de 1750 à 1850 dans le contexte de la Bretagne. Histoire. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00012205⟩

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