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Contribution à l'étude des mécanismes de sorption aux interfaces solide-liquide: application aux cas des apatites et des oxy-hydroxydes

Abstract : Sorption-desorption phenomena play an important role in the transport of toxic and radioactive elements in surface and underground water in contact with solid matter. Selenium, which is one of the long-lived radionuclides present in radioactive waste, is characterized by several oxidation states and by anionic species in aqueous solutions. In order to predict its transport, we need a good knowledge of its sorption processes. We have studied the sorption of SeIV and SeVI on two types of solids present in natural media or which have been proposed as additives to active barriers: hydroxyapatites, fluoroapatite and iron oxi-hydroxides (goethite and hematite). Sorption mechanisms have been studied through an approach including several different and complementary methods: titrimetry, zetametry, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photo electron spectroscopy, etc... Results showed that SeVI is much less sorbed than SeVI on both types of solids. For SeIV the sorption mechanisms are different for iron oxides and apatites. On oxides, sorption increases when pH decreases. It can be interpreted by a surface complexation model, essentially through an inner sphere complexe (monodentate or bidentate). Modelling of Se sorption curves was performed after the determination of acido-basic properties of oxides. However, the determination of the intrinsic properties of oxides is disturbed by several parameters identified as impurities, evolution of the solid in solution, kinetic and solubility of the solid. For apatites, selenium sorption proceeds by exchange with superficial groups, with a maximum of fixation at approximately pH 8. Thanks to XPS measurements and the elaboration of a mathematical model, we could determine the depth of penetration of both selenium and cadmium on apatites.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00012139
Contributor : Myriam Duc <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 13, 2006 - 1:53:51 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 14, 2006 - 9:24:37 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, April 3, 2010 - 9:28:22 PM

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Myriam Duc. Contribution à l'étude des mécanismes de sorption aux interfaces solide-liquide: application aux cas des apatites et des oxy-hydroxydes. Matériaux. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2002. Français. ⟨tel-00012139⟩

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