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Dynamiques comparées de l'urbanisation en milieu tribal (Tunisie et Mauritanie)

Abstract : The sedentarization of nomads in the Arab World reconfigures territories and breeds new spaces of negotiation while concurrently mobilizing tribal solidarities ('açabiyyât) in the old localities. The comparison of four cities, Douz and Kabili in Tunisia, Kiffa and Tijikja in Mauritania, challenges the mainstream cultural opposition between new poles of sedentarization and cities of the old oasis. In a "strong" state (Tunisia), the 'açabiyyât are detribalized while the customary law gets instrumentalized. A retreat of communities onto real-estate enclaves is noticed and the tribe's city becomes a patrimonial resource to be defended and shared. Conversly, in a "tribal" state (Mauritania), an expansion towards the State is observed. The tribe has no major physical impact on urban space, but the city is erected as a tribal flag of neo-tribalism seeking to graft onto the State.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 29, 2006 - 12:08:04 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00012055, version 1


Vincent Bisson. Dynamiques comparées de l'urbanisation en milieu tribal (Tunisie et Mauritanie). Géographie. Université François Rabelais - Tours, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00012055⟩



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