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Theses

Les Alaouites, l'espace et le pouvoir dans la région côtière syrienne : une intégration nationale ambiguë

Abstract : The coastal area of Syria is the stronghold of the alawit minority. Ba' athists leaders who are ruling Syria since the coup d'etat of 1963 belong to this community. Syria followed a socialist way of development since 1963 until the beginning of the years 1990 based on the Land reform and economic state intervention, with an official aim of national construction. As a periphery, but also, and especially, a territory of the alawit community, the coastal area largely profited from the public investments, and the State promotes social advancement of Alawits. Is the coastal area integrated as much into Syrian space? The economic crisis of the end of 1980 and the "infitah" (economic opening policy) highlighted the brittleness of development ba' athist way and consequently the process of integration of the coastal area to Syrian space. The coastal area is forsaken by the private sector, always dominated by the high sunnit class of Damascus, Alepo, Homs and Hama. National cohesion is also called into question, by the disengagement of the State, with the profit of a territorial fragmentation on ethnico-denominational bases. The constitution of an alawit area on the Syrian coast seems the consequence of this general ethnicity fold. Moreover the Syrian power uses his community networks for controlling the country.
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Contributor : Fabrice Balanche <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 20, 2006 - 9:07:25 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00011981, version 1

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Fabrice Balanche. Les Alaouites, l'espace et le pouvoir dans la région côtière syrienne : une intégration nationale ambiguë. Géographie. Université François Rabelais - Tours, 2000. Français. ⟨tel-00011981⟩

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