Observations of multiple order parameters in 5f electron systems

Abstract : In this thesis, multiple order parameters originating in the same electronic system are studied. The multi-k magnetic structures, where more than one propagation wavevector, k, is observed in the same volume, are considered as prototypical models. The effect of this structure on the elastic and inelastic response is studied. In cubic 3-k uranium rocksalts, unexpected elastic diffraction events were observed at positions in reciprocal space where the structure factor should have been zero. These diffraction peaks are identified with correlations between the (orthogonal) magnetic order parameters. The 3-k structure also affects the observed dynamics; the spin-wave fluctuations in uranium dioxide as observed by inelastic neutron polarization analysis can only be explained on the basis of a 3-k structure

In the antiferromagnetic superconductor UPd2Al3 the magnetic order and the superconducting state coexist, and are apparently generated by the same heavy fermions. The effect of an external magnetic field on both the normal and superconducting states is examined. In the normal state, the compound displays Fermi-liquid-like behaviour. The inelastic neutron response is strongly renormalized on entering the superconducting state, and high-precision measurements of the low-energy transfer part of this response confirm that the superconducting energy gap has the same symmetry as the antiferromagnetic lattice.
Document type :
Condensed Matter [cond-mat]. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2005. English

Contributor : Elizabeth Blackburn <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 8, 2006 - 7:24:39 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 8, 2006 - 8:40:14 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00011842, version 1




Elizabeth Blackburn. Observations of multiple order parameters in 5f electron systems. Condensed Matter [cond-mat]. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2005. English. <tel-00011842>




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