ETUDE ANTHROPOGENETIQUE DE LA POPULATION COMORIENNE DE MARSEILLE

Abstract : The Comorian population is considered as a blend of influences from African Bantus, Arabs and may be Austronesians. The aim of the present study was to assess the genetic structure of the current Comorian population according to six major blood group systems, HLA-DR-B1 and KIR genes polymorphism. A total of 164 unrelated individuals from Grande Comore Island, living in Marseilles, were studied. Findings based on analysis of genetic frequencies and distances and calculation of admixture with other populations indicated that African Bantus had made the main contribution to the gene pool (50 à 60%). The contribution from the Arabian Peninsula was smaller (30%) and the one from Southeastern Asia was very low. The major Bantu contribution was commensurate with the Bantu cultural influence. The contribution from Arabic peninsula seemed in relation to its permeating religious and linguistic influence. As on the language, the Indonesian impact on the Comorian gene pool was very small. Finally, this study, revealing the possible phenotypic gap between migrant population and blood donnors, emphasizes the need of specific awareness campaigns about blood donation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 8, 2006 - 10:34:25 AM
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Jacques Chiaroni. ETUDE ANTHROPOGENETIQUE DE LA POPULATION COMORIENNE DE MARSEILLE. Anthropologie biologique. Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00011766⟩

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