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Instabilités thermo-acoustiques de combustion haute-fréquence dans les moteurs fusées

Abstract : Rocket motors are confined environments where combustion occurs in extreme conditions. Combustion instabilities can occur at high frequencies ; they are tied to the acoustic modes of the combustion chamber. A common research chamber, CRC, allows us to study the response of a turbulent two-phase flame to acoustic oscillations of low or high amplitudes. The chamber is characterised under cold conditions to obtain, in particular, the relative damping coe_cient of acoustic oscillations. The structure and frequency of the modes are determined in the case where the chamber is coupled to a lateral cavity. We have used a powder gun to study the response to a forced acoustic excitation at high amplitude. The results guide us towards shorter flames. The injectors were then modified to study the combustion noise level as a function of injection conditions. The speed of the gaz determines whether the flames are attached or lifted. The noise level of lifted flames is higher. That of attached flames is proportional to the Weber number. The shorter flames whose length is less than the radius of the CRC, necessary condition to obtain an e_ective coupling, are the most sensitive to acoustic pertubations. The use of a toothed wheel at di_erent positions in the chamber allowed us to obtain informations on the origin of the thermo-acoustic coupling, main objective of this thesis. The flame is sensitive to pressure acoustic oscillations, with a quasi-zero response time. These observations suggest that under the conditions of the CRC, we observe essentially the response of chemical kinetics to pressure oscillations.
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Contributor : Judith Hannoun <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 21, 2006 - 4:13:22 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 3:19:19 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, April 3, 2010 - 8:17:30 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00011656, version 1



François Cheuret. Instabilités thermo-acoustiques de combustion haute-fréquence dans les moteurs fusées. Energie électrique. Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille I, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00011656⟩



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