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La périurbanisation dans la métropole nantaise. De nouvelles mobilités pour de nouveaux lieux d'urbanité ?

Abstract : Since the 1960s, periurbanization has progressively called into question the European model of a compact city. Indeed, urban sprawl no longer progresses in contiguity with existing developments, but by the dissemination of private housing zones in peripheral spaces. Sprung from people's will to own individual houses in a land market that is less competitive, this geographic distancing is possible thanks to the massive and daily use of the automobile. The dilatation of the urban system implies that urbanity can no longer be identified solely with the citizenship of the city center, but that it is diffused into periurban spaces. Research on this phenomenon in the metropolitan area of Nantes – Saint-Nazaire, through the mobility of households from twelve periurban cities, reveals that there are, indeed, periurban places of urbanity. The diversity in these townships' situations, however, makes difficult the diffusing conditions of urbanity around the cities. Depending on the case, peripheral urbanity – or rather urbanities – can be surrounding, sought, controlled, relayed, rejected, emerging or in between two of those six states, and are actually tributary of local geographic, political, economic, and social factors. From the metropolitan logic of this urban diffusion, follows the breaking up of the cities institution, which intercities structures that are still in their infancy cannot yet relieve. As the global management of the urban system must necessarily associate these new urban places to keep its coherence, the sprawl of a city is a difficult challenge to face in terms of land settlement.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00011626
Contributor : Vincent Hervouet <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 20, 2006 - 6:14:04 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:50:51 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 10:08:15 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00011626, version 2

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Vincent Hervouet. La périurbanisation dans la métropole nantaise. De nouvelles mobilités pour de nouveaux lieux d'urbanité ?. Géographie. Université de Nantes, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00011626v2⟩

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