L'économie agraire de la Gaule : aperçus historiographiques et perspectives archéologiques

Abstract : The prime objective of this work is to subject to an examination some around concepts whose Gallo-Roman rural archaeology was gradually built. Without seeking exhaustiveness, this historiographic analysis is organized around some topics which were selected because they preserve a relative topicality and that they explain current orientations of the discipline. Thus, an attention was paid to the exchanges which marked, with XVIIIe and XIXe c., the emergence of the economic analysis and the rise of a new agrarian history of Rome and of Gaule. It appeared that the questions relating to the consequences of the conquest of Gaule and its invasion at the end of Antiquity were indissociable debates on the State, the origin of the European nations, the individual in the company and the direction of the history. Lastly, this study was the occasion to wonder about the conditions of emergence of Gallo-Roman archaeology and to think of its epistemological relationship with the historical discipline.
The final chapter is devoted to a theoretical analysis of the operation of the family small-scale farming and agricultural company, in particular by identifying the constraints that the use of the labour imposes to them. It is proposed to give up the traditional vision which tends to regard the villa and the family exploitation as the representatives of two antagonistic modes of the development of the grounds to promote an archaeology anxious to apprehend overall the campaigns while trying to restore their variety and to include/understand the multiple interactions which bind their various components.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 8, 2006 - 6:01:50 PM
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Pierre Ouzoulias. L'économie agraire de la Gaule : aperçus historiographiques et perspectives archéologiques. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Franche-Comté, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00011567⟩

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