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L'économie des ressources en eau : de l'internalisation des externalités à la gestion intégrée. L'exemple du bassin versant de l'Audomarois

Abstract : Evidence relating to the scarcity of water, in terms of both quantity and quality, has made this resource an increasingly interesting object of study amongst economic scientists. Water has become a precious resource desired by a variety of interdependent users. This interdependence, coupled with water's multi-functionality and the diverse socio-economic organisation of users, results in a variety of conflicting situations.
This is the starting point of our research, which aims to develop a detailed insight into water resource management through a dual perspective that is at once analytical and prescriptive. The analytical aim of this research concerns water use conflicts. Having identified the limitations of standard theoretical approaches in dealing with water specificities and with water conflicts dimensions (collective dynamics, mental representations, territorial issues...) the aim is to build a theoretical framework which allows the examination of these conflicting relations in all their dimensions – and primarily of those factors which act as triggers. Moreover, we question, in a more normative perspective, about the notion of integrated water resource management.
Thus, we assert that the definition of an integrated water resources management involves: an integrated institutional water regime (high coherence between public policy and property/use rights and high scope), a recognition and understanding of water use conflicts and their resolution and a transverse implementation of public policies influencing water resources, especially space management policies.
We use four complementary theoretical approaches: the “cities” model proposed by Boltanski and Thévenot (1991), the patrimony approach, proximity economics and the institutional resource regime. The combination of these theoretical tools allows us to construct a relevant analytical framework in which to consider the emergence, the setting and the management of water use conflicts. This framework also contributes to a more normative definition of integrated water management. Our study of the Audomarois water basin (Nord – Pas-de-Calais) will form the empirical basis of our testing of this analytical framework. We examine water management in practice on a local spatial scale, since water basin is considered as the relevant territorial unit for water management.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 6, 2007 - 3:50:33 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00011495, version 3



Iratxe Calvo-Mendieta. L'économie des ressources en eau : de l'internalisation des externalités à la gestion intégrée. L'exemple du bassin versant de l'Audomarois. Economies et finances. Université des Sciences et Technologie de Lille - Lille I, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00011495v3⟩



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