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Abstract : This doctoral research is composed of seven papers that provide answers to the following questions: What are the factors that determine the adoption and diffusion of voluntary approaches? How can non-point source pollution be regulated by a voluntary approach? How can voluntary approaches be used as strategic devices to raise rivals's costs?

Paper 1 defines and characterizes voluntary approaches related to environmental protection. The benefits usually attributed to voluntary approaches are discussed by comparing theoretical arguments with empirical evidence. Paper 2 shows that the ISO 14001 standard drafting process constitutes a strategic area where firms/countries, acting as ‘standards makers' may shape their future competitive positions. Paper 3 examines empirically the determinants of the international diffusion of the ISO 14001 standard. Apart from the environmental factors, the econometric results show that other factors such as the prior diffusion of ISO 9000 and participation of a country in the standard-setting process play a signficant role in explaining its number of ISO 14001 certificates. Paper 4 analyzes what factors contribute to voluntary certification with the ISO 14001 standard among agro-food industries in France. The logit regression results reveal that certification is not always driven by pure environmental or economic incentives, but rather by managerial considerations that may constitue an alternative argument for the so-called ‘Porter hypothesis'. Paper 5 deals with a contractual arrangement between a pollutee, Vittel and several polluters, i.e., farmers, upon environmental-related property rights. This contribution identifies the conditions leading to the success (or failure) of a coasean bargaining solution, despite a priori high transaction costs. Paper 6 extends the transaction cost economics à la Williamson to environmental problems by characterizing the environmental related transaction, defining environmental governance structures and applying the alignment hypothesis. Based on a Stackelberg model, paper 7 shows the conditions under which a domestic firm has incentive to impose an eco-label that both improves the environment and raises the costs of its foreign rivals. The ambiguous effects on domestic social welfare are drawn.
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Contributor : Naoufel Mzoughi <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 3, 2006 - 2:43:08 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 18, 2021 - 2:56:04 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00011283, version 1



Naoufel Mzoughi. ANALYSE ECONOMIQUE DES APPROCHES VOLONTAIRES DE REGULATION DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT. Economies et finances. Université de Bourgogne, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00011283⟩



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